having difficulties with reading, spelling, writing or comprehension,
- despite being of normal intelligence and
- having had normal schooling opportunities.
Estimates of the prevalence of dyslexia range from 10% to 20% of the population.
Dyslexic children are all different. They can be very intelligent or of average intelligence, very dyslexic or slightly dyslexic. They have different strengths and weaknesses, like everybody else.
Extra tuition can be very helpful, but it must be effective tuition. Some dyslexic children decide to refuse to have any more tuition because they have had too much tutoring and made too little progress.
An alternative to more tuition is brain re-wiring. Extremely rapid improvements can result. This option has arisen as the result of recent advances in the knowledge of how the brain works.
A diagnosis of dyslexia is not normally given before the age of 7. However, dyslexic tendencies can be identified.
A diagnosis of dyslexia does not attract extra funding, but it can be reassuring to know what the problem is.
Once your child reaches year 10 it is important to start working on the process to get special assessment conditions for exams for your child. This may provide them with assistance such as extra time or a reader/writer for NCEA assessments. Ask your school to do this. The process is quite time-consuming for the school, so don't leave it too long, as assessments start early in year 11.
Some useful websites are
www.cellfield.com (a brain re-wiring programme)